Felsennest

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Introduction

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The “Felsennest” is one of the Führer headquarters (Führer hauptquatier or FHQ). This FHQ is one of the less known locations, it was used during the battle in the West in the campaign against France and the Benelux. In September 1939 preparations were made to select a location for a headquarters for the campaign in the west. The selected location was Schloss Ziegenberg near Bad Nauheim in Hessen (Adlerhorst). Hitler turned the location down as being to luxurious so a new locations was to be selected. The alternatives were Schwarzwald auf dem Kniebes near Freudenstadt, Landstuhl in Der Pfalz and Rodert near Bad Munstereifel (Eifel). All the locations were already part of the LVZ West. In contrast to other FHQ the Felsennest is relatively small with only 30 hectares. The site was used during May 10, 1940 and June 6, 1940 after that period the FHQ was moved to Belgium. (Source of image: http://www.em-verlag.de/archiv/felsennest.pdf)

 

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Source: http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bestand:Hitler-Headquarters-Europe.png

FHQ Felsennest 1940

During May 10, 1940 and June 6, 1940 the Felsennest, on the Eselsberg,  was used as the FHQ for the campaign in the west. Hitler stayed in the Felsennest with his military staff. The members of the staff are listed below together with the building the used during their stay.

Name Rank Building
Adolf Hitler Fuhrer K Stand
Keitel Generaloberst K Stand
Jodl GeneralMajor Offiziersbaracke
Schaub Gruppenfuhrer Offiziersbaracke
Schmundt Oberst i.G. Offiziersbaracke
Engel Hauptman Offiziersbaracke
Von Below Hauptman Offiziersbaracke
Linge Untersturmfuhrer K Stand
Von Puttkamer Fregattenkapitan Lagebaracke
Junge Hauptscharfuhrer -
Bodenschatz Generalleutnant -
Deyhle Hauptman i.G. Lagebaracke
Hansen Hauptman -
Bergman Feldwebel -

 

The FHQ bunkers were located on the Eselsberg comprising building 1 to 4, as can be seen the site is very near the village Rodert. As part of the construction of the FHQ two air raid bunkers were build in the village. On the Radberg concrete gun emplacements were build. The construction of the headquarters was done by the Todt organization.

felsennest 1940

Battery position Rodert with the buildings of the Felsennest (number 1-5).

Source: Bunkerstellungen der Luftverteidigungszone West im Rheinland und Hitlers Hauptquartier in Bad Münstereifel-Rodert by Gross, Manfred

The buildings in “Sperr kreis I” are those were Hitler and his staff were housed and comprise bunkers which were part of LVZ West and some are adapted. For example in the bunker of Hitler a window was put in to allow daylight into the working room. Below we have listed the most important building. For more details we would like to refer to the book of Manfred Gross with lots of pictures and background information. For example also the buildings in Rodert are covered.

 

 

 imageBuilding 1 - K Stand

Room A was the working room of Hitler and B was his bedroom. In room D Linge had his room and Keitel was in room E. This bunker is a Regelbau K, a standard building type of the Luftverteidigungszone West (LVZ West).  The conditions in the bunker were Spartan. Keitel said that he could hear Hitler turning the pages of his newpaper.

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Hitler’s bedroom, this was room B

Source: http://www.em-verlag.de/archiv/felsennest.pdf

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Hitler’s working room, with the window (room A)

Source: http://www.em-verlag.de/archiv/felsennest.pdf

In March 1945 the bunkers K and F were blown up by German troups before the area was caputured bu U.S. troops on March 7, 1945. The remains of the K stand still lay in the woods, as can be seen below. The location of the Eselsberg is approximately N50.54830, E6.77161.

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Source: http://www.em-verlag.de/archiv/felsennest.pdf

Building 1a - Offiziersbaracke

This barrack may be located near the K stand bunker.

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Barracks on the south side of the Eselsbergs.

Source: Spiegel.de

 

Building 3 - F Stand

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This bunker is a Regelbau F, a standard building type of the Luftverteidigungszone West (LVZ West). The F stand was possible used as a meeting room, hence the beds normally included should be removed.

 

Building 2 – Ober baracke – Lagebaracke

This building was for the daily meetings. Besides a meeting room there were three other rooms for officers. Currently only the fundaments exist. The building was 9.60m x 6.00m. The fundaments lay approximately 150m from the K Stand.

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Source: Image Wikipedia

 

FHQ Felsennest after 1940

felsennest 1944

The Felsennest in 1944 after extension of the complex.

Source: Bunkerstellungen der Luftverteidigungszone West im Rheinland und Hitlers Hauptquartier in Bad Münstereifel-Rodert by Gross, Manfred

After Hitler left the complex it was guarded throughout the war years. The complex was also extended during the years to follow. In March 1945 the bunkers were blown up, however it is not sure that this was done by German troops or U.S. Troops.

From a visitor of this site (Anne) we received the following information:

My father was with the 1171st Combat Engineers who were supporting the 28th when they captured the town. In his diary, he wrote on 15 March,1945 "Yesterday we reached Rodert, Germany, which we found to be surrounded by German supply depots. It was here that Hitler built bunkers to create for himself an elaborate operational headquarters in the Eifel Mountains south of Munstereifel. From this fortified shelter,he directed the invasion to the east. Upon discovering that some of Hitler''s hideaway had been taken intact, Group took it over for their temporary stay. We found the offices and general staff sleeping rooms beautifully furnished...While rummaging through the contents left behind, I unearthed a bolt of linen tablecloth material and a box of Hitler''s guest wineglasses, both still in their packing. Hitler won''t need those glasses now; so I think I''ll send the entire box home to Alice." His unit was still there on the 17th when the Germans were shooting rockets into the area in an attempt to blow up the ammo dumps, but they did not hit the bunkers. I understand that when the Americans moved out to continue their push for the Rhine,the engineers were given the task of blowing up the bunkers.

The air raid shelters in Rodert were destroyed after the war, the remains were cleared in the 1990’s.

Felsennest Today

At the Eselsberg you can still find remains of the Felsennest bunkers, as you can see above the remains of the K Stand still lay blown up in the woods. Some splinter shelters (buildings 20) still remain in tact. Some buildings in Rodert used during the war still exist today. For example the bunker near the small guest house  (building 9 on the map) still exits.

            felsennest

 

On the map (Google) above you can see the village of Rodert were the former FHQ is marked in red.

 Source of information and maps:

- Bunkerstellungen der Luftverteidigungszone West im Rheinland und Hitlers Hauptquartier in Bad Münstereifel-Rodert by Gross, Manfred

- Zeitreiseführer Eifel 1933-1945 by Alexander Kuffner

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felsennest

- http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felsennest

- http://www.em-verlag.de/archiv/felsennest.pdf

- http://einestages.spiegel.de/static/topicalbumbackground/2339/hitlers_vergessenes_hauptquartier.html

- http://maps.google.com/

Article created on 4/26/2010 by rene.
The last change was made on 7/24/2013 by rene.

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