Museum - Hürtgenwald 1944 und im Frieden

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Museum - Hürtgenwald 1944 und im Frieden

In August 2011 we have visited the museum in Vossenack. A nice small museum with lots of original items found in the region of Vossenack.

museumThe museum is open on Sundays from 11:00 till 17:00, from the first Sunday in March till the last Sunday in November. The prices for the museum with out guidance are EUR 4,00 for adults and EUR 2,00 for children (family price EUR 8,00). t is operated by volunteers who also are involved with the bunker in Simonskall (see below).

 

 


The collection comprises both documentation as actual historical items such a guns, ammunition. Please see their website for more pictures of the collection.  The museum is located in an area in which heavy battles took place in order to reach Schmidt and subsequently the dams (Allerseelenschlacht von 1944). As you can see from looking at the house in this area a lot damage was caused by the war. Many trips can be started from this area to see bunkers and also get a general understanding of the battles that took place here.  The museum has also a collection of books (new) related to the Westwall for sale.

Although not extremely large the museum is definitely worth a visit if you are in the neighbourhood especially if you are interested in the Westwall.  The parking is free at a small field near the museum.

 

Address:
Pfarrer-Dickmann-Straße 21 - 23
52393 Hürtgenwald
Telefon - Fax: 02429 - 902613

 

Sanitätsunterstand Simonskall

The village of Simonskall is near Vossenack and is located within the national park Eifel. The villages can be reached by car with two roads leading into the Kall valley. You cannot only find bunkers there but it is also a great start for a walk (for example a Westwall tour which includes the Buhlert). The gastronomic is perfect given the number of restaurants and such. We have found the Sanitätsbunker and bunker 59 in the area, here we will only cover the medical bunker. The colored part of the image comprises the bunker and we have highlighted some details that can be seen from the outside. A guided tour inside is a must, so make arrangements at the museum in Vossenack and visit this monument.

bunker374

The bunker has a dimension of 10.20 m x 19.85 m and as can be seen on the image above this is a rather large bunker. This bunker was for the first place treatment of wounded soldiers (for a maximum period of 3 days). After a maximum of 3 days the wounded were transported to a military hospital. Four medical personnel members were in the bunker. The bunker could house about 20-30 wounded at a time were wounded officers we treated in rooms B and E and not with the regular troops. The building on top of the bunker was build in 2008 after removing an earlier house that was build on top of the bunker after the war. The bunker was not camouflaged during the war with a house. The original house was removed and after the removal the original bunker can bee seen (Images taken from “Hurtgenwald 1944/1945”). This bunker is the only one of it’s kind that is both not destroyed and can be visited. At the site 7grad.org you can see some more pictures of this bunker (both outside and inside), but please note these were taken in 2004 and major changes have taken place in the meanwhile such as the full restoration of the equipment.

orginal_house image

The bunker type is Regelbau 32 and the plan is included below and the orientation of the plan is equal to the actual bunker.

type32

Rooms  
A. Gas sickness treatment (2.70 m x 5.00 m)
B. Personnel (1.40 m x 2.50 m
C. Air room (1.40 m x 2.40 m)
D. Sickness treatment (2.70 m x 5.00 m)
E. Personnel (2.10 m x 4.90 m)
F. Gas sickness treatment (2.20m x 2.70m)
G. Bandage room (2.50 m x 4.70 m)
H. Water supply (including storage) (1.00 m x 2.50 m)

While photographing the bunker from the outside I met someone of the Vossenack museum who had just completed a guided tour. He asked me if I would like to see the inside of the bunker. He gave e a quick (free) tour and I made some pictures. The inside of the bunker is just impressive taking into account that the has been a lot of renovation work to get the bunker in it’s original state. For example the air treatment equipment is fully in place and working, the armed doors (inside) are present. A lot of (medical) equipment is present and some items such as a table a fully reproduced from images. You have to see for your self!

image Interesting details are the toilet buckets located at both sides  of the entrance. You may guess why these are placed at the entrance taking into account that the bunker could be made air tight against gas attacks. (Left is an example and not an actual item from the bunker). Also an original heater can be found in the bunker. heater

Below room A is the picture on the left, room D is the picture on the right. Impressed by the explanation and the site I forgot to take more pictures. You can see the air vents that can be opened during the aire treatment of the bunker. Because the bunker is air tight with all doors locked the air gets old and needs to be refreshed using the air treatment equipment (room c).

DSC_0192

DSC_0193

 

 

 

 

A full working unit of an air cleaning unit (including working filters) is included in room C. A fully manual operated units, and I can tell from experience this is a heavy unit to operate.

air_clean_unit

 

References:

Museum Home Page

- Photo of toilet bucket taken from: http://i179.photobucket.com/albums/w310/theholeinthedonut/Bunker/Westwall/RB501%20Sinz/IMG_3559.jpg

- Photo of the heater taken from: http://i179.photobucket.com/albums/w310/theholeinthedonut/Bunker/Westwall/RB501%20Sinz/IMG_3554.jpg

- Hurtgenwald 1944/1945 by Rainer Monnarts, published by Helios ISBN: 978-3-938208-68-7

- Der Westwall zwischen Niederrhein und Schnee-Eifel, Manfred Groß, Rheinland-Verlag GmbH, Köln, 1982

Article created on 8/14/2011 by rene.
The last change was made on 8/18/2011 by rene.

Notice

This site does not target extreme right elements, only hobbyists with an interest in the westwall.

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